Jump To …



This class implements a Backbone View which can be bound to a DOM element to turn it into a rotatable, analogue knob.

define(['backbone'], ->
  class KnobView extends Backbone.View
      "mousedown": "mousedown"
      "dragstart": "dragstart"

The class is instantiated with a params object with the following (optional) properties:

  • degMin: The minimum angle which the knob can be turned to (where 0 degrees is defined as 9 o'clock on a clock face). Default: -45 degrees.
  • degMax: The minimum angle which the knob can be turned to. Default: 225 degrees.
  • valueMin: The minimum allowed value of the knob. Default: 0.
  • valueMax: The maximum allowed value of the knob. Default: 1.
  • value: The initial value of the knob. Default: 0.5.
  • distanceMax: The number of pixels of mouse movement. corresponding to a full rotation of the knob. Default: 200px.
    initialize: (params) ->
      @knob = $(params.el)
      @degMin = params.degMin || -45
      @degMax = params.degMax || 225
      @valueMin = params.valueMin || 0
      @valueMax = params.valueMax || 1
      @value = params.initial_value || 0.5
      @distanceMax = params.distanceMax || 200


To prevent the Knob element being dragged instead of turned we prevent the default drag behaviour.

    dragstart: (e) ->

On a mousedown event we grab the location of the mouse cursor and the value at the time the rotation starts to allow smooth movement of the knob from any clicked position. We also bind two other events for mousemove and mouseup.

    mousedown: (e) ->
      @valueOnMouseDown = @value
      @cursorLocationOnMouseDown = {x: e.pageX, y: e.pageY}

      $(document).on('mousemove.rem', this.mousemove)
      $(document).on('mouseup.rem', this.removeEvents)

    removeEvents: ->

jQuery namespaces are used to clear the events when a mouseup event occurs anywhere in the document.


When the mouse is moved we calculate the distance it has moved in the y-axis and translate this into values.

    mousemove: (e) =>
      distance = this.calculateDistance(e.pageX, e.pageY)
      value = this.distanceToValue(distance)
      this.setValue(@valueOnMouseDown + value)

    calculateDistance: (x,y) ->
      return @cursorLocationOnMouseDown.y - y

    distanceToValue: (distance) ->
      distance = Math.min(distance, @distanceMax)
      value = (distance / @distanceMax) * (@valueMax - @valueMin)
      return value

    valueToDeg: (value) ->
      return @degMin + (((value - @valueMin) / (@valueMax - @valueMin)) * this.deltaDeg())

    deltaDeg: ->
      return (@degMax - @degMin)

    setValue: (value) ->

Setting the value of the knob requires testing the allowed limits ...

      value = @valueMax if (value > @valueMax)
      value = @valueMin if (value < @valueMin)

      @value = value

... rotating the div ...


... and triggering a custom event.

      this.trigger('valueChanged', value)
      return true

Rotating the knob is achieved with a CSS transform. As this application targets recent versions of webkit only we are safe to use the -webkit-transform property. The angle conventions used for CSS transforms is 90 degrees rotated from the one we use in our calculations, so we account for that here.

    setKnobRotation: (deg) ->